Last Updated on “Their function is as a tripwire,” Moise says, “a warning to the Americans: ‘Don’t go too far… or you’ll be fighting us.’”. Sovfoto/Universal Images Group/Getty Images. Unlike during the Korean War, the United States yielded to this threat. The Vietnam War was fought between communist North Vietnam and the government of Southern Vietnam. The French and American experiences in Vietnam differed in many respects. The main reason the United States got involved in Vietnam was the purpose of doing everything possible to keep communism from spreading around world. Following the victory over the south in 1975, the unified Vietnam waged a four year war against Cambodia. Vietnam - Vietnam - The two Vietnams (1954–65): The agreements concluded in Geneva between April and July 1954 (collectively called the Geneva Accords) were signed by French and Viet Minh representatives and provided for a cease-fire and temporary division of the country into two military zones at latitude 17 °N (popularly called the 17th parallel). Vietnam War (1954–75), conflict that pitted the communist government of North Vietnam and its allies in South Vietnam, the Viet Cong, against South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States. Although Moscow belatedly recognized Ho’s government in January 1950, they rejected his request to back North Vietnamese movement for independence against the French. 320,000 military personnel, more than 4,000. In response to these North Vietnamese transgressions, the Americans covertly rained down billions of pounds of bombs on Laos. Things changed when Khrushchev was out of power and replaced by Leonid Brezhnev who favored more direct involvement to aid North Vietnam. Bombs ready to be loaded onto a French aircraft for the long drawn out Dien Bien Phu Battle of the Indochina War on April 10, 1954. It was also an important city that China, the Soviet Union, and other countries supported. The South was supported by anti-communist countries, primarily the United States. In 1966, the reclusive regime dispatched two squadrons of MiG-17s and a squadron of MiG-21s — 30 planes in all. A converted T-28 trainer aircraft is seen near 250-pound bombs used by Meo pilots of Vang Pao's "mini-Air Force" against North Vietnamese in northern Laos. The death of Stalin in March 1953 and the stabilization of events in Europe drew Moscow’s attention back to Southeast Asia. The Soviet Union remained indifferent with the conflict in Vietnam in early 1960s under Nikita Khrushchev even after the Gulf of Tonkin incident. The Vietnam War is still going on in Vietnam. How eight countries got bogged down in the Vietnam War's Cold War proxy battle. It was fought between North Vietnam and South Vietnam. Today’s post comes from Madie Ward in the National Archives History Office. After World War II, France reoccupied Vietnam as part of its attempt to reclaim its prewar empire. Nov. 5, 1968: Nixon is elected president, promising to end the war in Vietnam. The United States got involved to prevent South Vietnam from falling into communist hands. Vietnam Travel. It was France's attempt to reestablish its rule in Vietnam after WWII. All told, the Chinese claimed to have spent over $20 billion in support of North Vietnam and deployed 320,000 military personnel, more than 4,000 of whom died. https://www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war/vietnam-war-history The Soviets wanted to “make life difficult for the United States,” McAllister says, “but they didn’t want to do it in a way that got them in a conflict with the United States.”, Soviet involvement in the war increased in the late 1960s, just as China’s influence was lessening. The countries involved in Vietnam were Republic of Vietnam, United States, Republic of Korea, Australia, Philippines, New Zealand, Thailand, Khmer Republic, and Kingdom of Laos. North Vietnam was backed … – Part 2. Below is a list of nations that played a role in the Vietnam War, and details on what motivated them to get involved. Yet their support for South Vietnam never wavered, no matter who occupied the White House. i dont want explinations about federal nations and immigration and stuff, just give me a simple list of the countries invlved, and if you can, please tell me who were allies and … The escalation of US involvement in Vietnam increased Soviet interest. Vietnam eventually fell completely to communism. The Vietnam War (1955–75) was a time of great controversy in the United States. The Vietnam War (also known as Second Indochina War or American War in Vietnam) lasted from 1 November 1955–30 April 1975, (19 years, 5 months, 4 weeks and 1 day).It was fought between North Vietnam and South Vietnam.North Vietnam was supported by the Soviet Union, China and North Korea, while South Vietnam was supported by the United States, South Korea, Thailand, Australia, New … The nine-year campaign was so intense that, on average, a planeload of explosives fell every eight minutes, making Laos, per capita, the most heavily bombed nation on earth. This was the belief that if one country fell to communism, it was likely that the … America and South Korea were the biggest supporters of Saigon. The Chinese allowed Soviet materiel across China for the North to prosecute wage the war. Republic of Vietnam (1950 "State of Vietnam, AKA South Vietnam) Oct. 15, 1969: The first Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam, a series of … Save your work forever, build multiple bibliographies, run plagiarism checks, and much more. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. During the war with the United States, Giáp would retain his position as one of the chief military commanders in North Vietnam, overseeing the communist insurgency in the South and the activities of the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) forces of the North, though these two were admittedly intertwined. The Vietnam war was a civil war involving what two Vietnamese. Prince Norodom Sihanouk “basically felt that he was surrounded by dangerous enemies, and he had to make nice with some of them,” Moise says, adding that “he could not afford to offend” the North Vietnamese despite being “anti-communist in Cambodian politics.”. While South Korea sent a total of 313,000 soldiers between 1965 and 1973 to South Vietnam, North Korea only sent in a fighter squadron to North Vietnam in early 1967 to back up their air defenses in the city of Hanoi. 1 Hồng Bàng Dynasty (2879 BC – 257 BC) 2 … ... What four presidents were involved in the war. In 1954, Ho’s forces won a decisive victory at Dien Bien Phu and succeeded in evicting the French once and for all. The 1988 book won the Pulitzer Prize for non-fiction. By the time American forces finally withdrew in 1973, about 2.7 million U.S. soldiers had served in Vietnam, more than 58,000 had died, and the nation had racked up a staggering bill of at least $111 billion (plus billions more in non-military costs). Nixon then sent troops across the border in 1970, taking advantage of a coup that ousted Sihanouk in favor of a pro-American general. Financial aid, along with a desire to curry favor with the United States, drew in additional countries as well. Cambodia, while officially neutral, tolerated communist intrusions—and was bombed by the United States for those intrusions. Instead, a communist insurgency broke out, pitting the so-called Viet Cong, who were sponsored by North Vietnam, against Diem’s forces. People from other countries also went to fight but not in their own national army. USA. What could have been the solutions for both North and South Vietnam? © 2012-2021 The Vietnam War. North Vietnam is supported by what two countries. Sino-Soviet relations went from bad to worse after the Soviets invaded Czechoslovakia in August 1968 and reached its nadir with an armed conflict at Sino-Soviet border in March 1969. All Rights Reserved. In the aftermath of the World War II, the Soviet Union paid little attention to the communist movement (Viet Minh) in Vietnam who was largely outside Moscow’s sphere of influence. In 1971, the Pentagon Papers were leaked, revealing confidential information about the war. At first, the United States largely operated behind the scenes. Ho led the North, whereas the U.S.-backed Ngo Dinh Diem took charge of the South. All of these countries were on the anti-communist force. As the original communist state, the Soviet Union aided North Vietnam, with increasing support in the late 1960s. Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. China continued to provide military aid and support to North Vietnam years after the first Indochina war. South Korea was the main U.S. and South Vietnamese partner, providing over 300,000 troops and suffering some 5,000 deaths. “The French had controlled Vietnam for a couple of generations,” explains Ed Moise, a professor of history at Clemson University and author of Tonkin Gulf and the Escalation of the Vietnam War. Meanwhile, President Richard Nixon authorized a cross-border invasion of Laos in 1971. At first, the U.S. operated behind the scenes, but after 1964, sent combat troops and became more deeply mired in the war. The main countries involved in the Vietnam War were North and South Vietnam. At the same time, advances in video and audio recording enabled both easier… The War was mainly fought in South Vietnam, North Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos. The Vietnam War. It was part of a larger regional conflict as well as a manifestation of the Cold War. The Chinese interpreted American “aggression” against North Vietnam after the Gulf of Tonkin incident as their own and threatened to militarily intervene in North Vietnam if American forces crossed the DMZ. As a result, President Nixon ended all U.S. interventions in Vietnam and the rest of Southeast Asia in 1973. Here, retired Colonel William C Haponski, co-author of ‘Autopsy of an Unwinnable War: Vietnam’, explains that the British were in fact one of five main players in early post-World War 2 Vietnam. An approximately 1,000 Chinese were killed in North Vietnam in the late 1960s. And France stayed the colonizing power-- I have a little gap in my timeline here-- and they stayed a colonizing power all the way through World War II. Hanoi is the capital of Vietnam that is located in the north of the country. Meanwhile, the relationships between China and Soviet Union began to deteriorate through the 1960s. However, they did not actively involved in the conflict until early 1967 after their ruling Workers Party approved the decision in October 1966. Cold War tensions ran high as the country relentlessly fought against the alleged evils of communism. The United States involvement in Vietnam began in 1950, during the French Indochina War. Here, retired Colonel William C Haponski, co-author of ‘Autopsy of an Unwinnable War: Vietnam’, explains that the British were in fact one of five main players in early post-World War 2 Vietnam. Despite being in bad economic shape at the time, newly Communist China aided Ho during the war with the French, and did so again during the war with the Americans, providing weapons, expertise, and manpower. Not wanting to be seen as going it alone, the Johnson administration pressured other countries to join in the Vietnam War, much as George W. Bush would later form a “coalition of the willing” to fight in the Iraq War. There were 6 Free World nations and 2 communist allies that officially sent men and material support to South and North Vietnam respectively. His account of the Vietnam War, A Bright Shining Lie: John Paul Vann And America In Vietnam, took him 15 years to write. Due to the intervention of the international community, known as Operation Desert Storm, the Gulf War was ended. The situation changed dramatically when the Chinese communist won the civil in mainland china in October 1949 and fostered the communist movement further to Asia. The United States lost the Vietnam War. The main countries involved in the Vietnam War were South Vietnam and North Vietnam.South Vietnam was backed by anti-communist countries and members of the South East Asia Treaty Organization which included the United States, South Korea, Australia, the Philippines, New Zealand, Thailand, Khmer Republic, Kingdom of Laos and Republic of China. South Korea South Korea, after the US, had the largest contingent of soldiers in South Vietnam. Unsurprisingly, the North Vietnamese likewise moved troops and supplies through neighboring Cambodia, which, though officially neutral, tolerated the communist intrusions. Though Vietnamese communists allied with the Khmer Rouge during the Vietnam War, they eventually deposed the regime in 1979. Similar to Beijing, Moscow who feared U.S. direct intervention in Vietnam urged Ho Chi Minh to accept the temporary division of Vietnam of the 1954 Geneva Accords and focus on building the country’s military and economy instead. Vietnam became a subject of large-scale news coverage in the United States only after substantial numbers of U.S. combat troops had been committed to the war in the spring of 1965. WHAT COUNTRIES WERE INVOLVED IN THE VIETNAM WAR? The DMZ was later established and then followed by invasions, skirmishes terrorist acts and so forth until Australia and US got involved in the 1950's and then all out war followed with the other countries joining in. The main countries involved in Vietnam included North Vietnam, South Vietnam, United States of America, Peoples Republic of China, South Korea and USSR. Moscow now became North Vietnam’s main benefactor, increasing its aid to Hanoi in response to the US military escalation of 1965. 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